What is Psychology?
According to the Amercian Psychological Association, “psychology is the study of the mind and behavior . . . — from the functions of the brain to the actions of nations, from child development to care for the aged” (APA). Psychology assesses the capability and performance of the mind in comparison to other’s minds. However, this is not to be confused with neurology, “the branch of medicine concerned with the study and treatment of disorders of the nervous system” (URMC). In comparison, psychology deals with the metaphysical aspects of the brain whereas neurology is more associated with the anatomical workings of the same organ. While these professions may become one and the same in the future, for now, they are separate fields of study.
What Defines a Science?
Though science is a word which is used frequently in varying ways and understandings, science is fundamentally defined by the Science Council as “the pursuit and application of knowledge and understanding of the natural and social world following a systematic methodology based on evidence” (Science Council). In essence, any study of the surrounding world is defined as a science as long as it is studied using standardized planning following psychical observations. In addition, a science is characterized by its ability to be recreated and its ability to be measured consistently, or validity and reliability respectively. This means that the yields of a science can be reproduced at will as well as provide reliable results every time.
Is Psychology a Science?
A science is defined by its ability to be replicated and its ability to give similar results if done correctly. However, as psychology involves results from human beings, beings who are all inherently different, the validity and reliability of these fields are less than acceptable. One example of this would be happiness research. There are far too many vague variables; for example, how exactly is happiness defined? how does one measure happiness? what makes someone happy? THe